Топ-100
Back

ⓘ Knowledge - Knowledge, History of knowledge, Outline of knowledge, A Causal Theory of Knowing, acquisition, Activity theory ..




                                               

Knowledge

Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning. Knowledge can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit as with practical skill or expertise or explicit as with the theoretical understanding of a subject; it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philosophy, the study of knowledge is called epistemology; the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as "justified tru ...

                                               

History of knowledge

The history of knowledge is the field covering the accumulated and known human knowledge created or discovered during the history of the world and its historic forms, focus, accumulation, bearers, impacts, mediations, distribution, applications, societal contexts, conditions and methods of production. It is related to, separate from the history of science, the history of scholarship and the history of philosophy. The scope of the history of knowledge encompass all the discovered and created fields of human derived knowledge such as logic, philosophy, mathematics, science, sociology, psycho ...

                                               

Outline of knowledge

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to knowledge: Knowledge – familiarity with someone or something, which can include facts, information, descriptions, and/or skills acquired through experience or education. It can refer to the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit as with practical skill or expertise or explicit as with the theoretical understanding of a subject; and it can be more or less formal or systematic.

                                               

A Causal Theory of Knowing

A Causal Theory of Knowing is a philosophical essay written by Alvin Goldman in 1967, published in The Journal of Philosophy. It is based on existing theories of knowledge in the realm of epistemology, the study of philosophy through the scope of knowledge. The essay attempts to define knowledge by connecting facts, beliefs and knowledge through underlying and connective series called causal chains. It provides a causal theory of knowledge. A causal chain is repeatedly described as a sequence of events for which one event in a chain causes the next. According to Goldman, these chains can o ...

                                               

Knowledge acquisition

Knowledge acquisition is the process used to define the rules and ontologies required for a knowledge-based system. The phrase was first used in conjunction with expert systems to describe the initial tasks associated with developing an expert system, namely finding and interviewing domain experts and capturing their knowledge via rules, objects, and frame-based ontologies. Expert systems were one of the first successful applications of artificial intelligence technology to real world business problems. Researchers at Stanford and other AI laboratories worked with doctors and other highly ...

                                               

Activity theory

Activity theory is an umbrella term for a line of eclectic social sciences theories and research with its roots in the Soviet psychological activity theory pioneered by Lev Vygotsky, Alexei Leontev and Sergei Rubinstein. These scholars sought to understand human activities as systemic and socially situated phenomena and to go beyond paradigms of reflexology and classical conditioning, psychoanalysis and behaviorism. It became one of the major psychological approaches in the former USSR, being widely used in both theoretical and applied psychology, and in education, professional training, e ...

                                     

ⓘ Knowledge

  • Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired
  • Knowledge management KM is the process of creating, sharing, using and managing the knowledge and information of an organization. It refers to a multidisciplinary
  • Traditional knowledge indigenous knowledge and local knowledge generally refer to knowledge systems embedded in the cultural traditions of regional, indigenous
  • Knowledge transfer refers to sharing or disseminating of knowledge and providing inputs to problem solving. In organizational theory, knowledge transfer
  • Descriptive knowledge also declarative knowledge propositional knowledge or constative knowledge is the type of knowledge that is, by its very nature
  • Knowledge workers are workers whose main capital is knowledge Examples include programmers, physicians, pharmacists, architects, engineers, scientists
  • The knowledge economy or the knowledge - based economy is the use of knowledge to create goods and services. In particular, it refers to a high portion
  • Knowledge sharing is an activity through which knowledge namely, information, skills, or expertise is exchanged among people, friends, families, communities
  • The Knowledge Graph is a knowledge base used by Google and its services to enhance its search engine s results with information gathered from a variety
  • were the first knowledge - based systems. The original use of the term knowledge - base was to describe one of the two sub - systems of a knowledge - based system
  • Tacit knowledge as opposed to formal, codified or explicit knowledge is the kind of knowledge that is difficult to transfer to another person by means