ⓘ Game of Death. The Game of Death is an incomplete Hong Kong martial arts film, filmed between August and October 1972, directed, written, produced by and starri ..

Game of Death

ⓘ Game of Death

The Game of Death is an incomplete Hong Kong martial arts film, filmed between August and October 1972, directed, written, produced by and starring Bruce Lee, in his final film attempt. Lee died during the making of the film. Over 100 minutes of footage was shot prior to his death, some of which was later misplaced in the Golden Harvest archives. The remaining footage has been released with Lees original Cantonese and English dialogue, with John Little dubbing Lees Hai Tien character as part of the documentary entitled Bruce Lee: A Warriors Journey. Most of the footage that was shot is from what was to be the climax of the film.

During filming, Lee received an offer to star in Enter the Dragon, the first kung fu film to be produced by a Hollywood studio Warner Bros., and with a budget unprecedented for the genre $850.000. Lee died of cerebral edema before the films release. At the time of his death, he had already made plans to resume the filming of The Game of Death.

After Lees death, Enter the Dragon director Robert Clouse was enlisted to finish the film using two stand-ins; it was released in 1978 as Game of Death, five years after Lees death, by Golden Harvest.


1.1. Original film Plot

The original plot involves Lee playing the role of Hai Tien 海天, a retired champion martial artist who is confronted by Korean underworld gangs. They tell him the story of a pagoda where guns are prohibited, and under heavy guard by highly skilled martial artists who are protecting something which is not identified at all in any surviving material held on its top level. The gang boss wants Hai to be a part of a group whose purpose is to retrieve said item. They would be the second group to try to do so as the first attempt with a previous group had failed. When Hai refuses, his younger sister and brother are kidnapped, forcing him to participate. Hai, as well as four other martial artists two of whom were played by James Tien and Chieh Yuan, then fight their way up a five-level pagoda, encountering a different challenge on each floor. The setting of the pagoda was at Beopjusa temple in Songnisan National Park in South Korea.

The pagoda, called Palsang-jon, is the only remaining wooden pagoda in South Korea. At the base of the pagoda they fight 10 people, all black belts in Karate. While inside the pagoda, they encounter a different opponent on each floor, each more challenging than the last. Although his allies try to help out, they are handily defeated, and Hai must face each of the martial artists in one-on-one combat. In the unfilmed portion of their mission, Lees group were to defeat Korean Hapkido master Hwang In-Shik, playing a kicking master, then a Praying mantis style kung fu master, played by Taky Kimura. He then defeats Filipino Eskrima master Dan Inosanto, Korean Hapkido master Ji Han-jae, and finally Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who fights with a free and fluid style mirroring Lees Jeet Kune Do. Because Abdul-Jabbars character has great size and strength in addition to a fighting style as potent as Lees, he can only be defeated once Hai recognises that an unusually high sensitivity to light his greatest weakness.

Immediately after defeating the giant guardian, Hai turns around and descends the staircase, heading out of the pagoda. Despite all the talk of something awaiting up top of the now unguarded flight of stairs, there is no mention of anyone going up to retrieve it. No surviving material explains how this will affect Hai or his captive siblings.


1.2. Original film Production

Although the pagoda was supposed to have five floors, complete scenes were only shot for three of the floors: the "Temple of the Tiger," where Lee faced Inosanto; the "Temple of the Dragon", where he fought Ji Han-jae; and the final floor, where he fought Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was the "Temple of the Unknown". Hapkido master Hwang In-Shik was slated to play the guardian of the first floor, a master of a kick-oriented style, while Bruces long time student and good friend Taky Kimura was asked to play the guardian of the second floor, a stylist of praying mantis kung fu.

The goal of the films plot was to showcase Lees beliefs regarding the principles of martial arts. As each martial artist is defeated including Lees allies, the flaws in their fighting style are revealed. Some, like Dan Inosantos character, rely too much on fixed patterns of offensive and defensive techniques, while others lack economy of motion. Lee defeats his opponents by having a fighting style that involves fluid movement, unpredictability, and an eclectic blend of techniques. His dialogue often includes comments on their weaknesses.


1.3. Original film Bruce Lee: A Warriors Journey

Several years later, Bruce Lee historian John Little released Bruce Lee: A Warriors Journey, a documentary revealing the original footage and storyline of The Game of Death. The documentary also includes a fairly in-depth biography of Lee and leads into the filming of The Game of Death. Fans still believe there is more footage to be found. Originally meant to be a documentary in its own right, now it can be found on the second disc of the 2004 Special Edition DVD release of Enter the Dragon, along with the documentary Bruce Lee: Curse of the Dragon.


1.4. Original film Bruce Lee in G.O.D.: Shibōteki Yūgi

In 2000, the Japanese film Bruce Lee in G.O.D 死亡的遊戯 was released on DVD. This film shows Lees original vision of the film through the existing footage that was shot for the film before he died, interviews, and historical re-enactments of what went on behind the scenes. A "special edition" DVD was released in 2003.


1.5. Original film Filmed cast

  • Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as "Mantis, the 5th Floor Guardian"
  • Dan Inosanto as "Dan, the 3rd Floor Guardian"
  • James Tien as "Mr. Tien, the Second Fighter"
  • Chieh Yuan as "Yuan, the Third Fighter"
  • Ji Han-jae as "4th Floor Guardian"
  • Lee Kwan as "Mr. Kuan the Locksmith" voice is heard at films end
  • Bruce Lee as "Hai Tien" also called "the Yellow-Faced Tiger"

1.6. Original film Unfilmed cast

  • Lam Ching-ying, Yuen Wah, Unicorn Chan, Bee Chan, Wu Ngan, and 14 others as "Black Belt Karate Fighters - Ground Floor"
  • Jackie Chan as "Fan who asks for Hai Tiens autograph"
  • Nora Miao as "Hai Tiens sister"
  • Yuen Biao as "Thug 2"
  • Hwang In-shik as "1st Floor Guardian"
  • Taky Kimura as "2nd Floor Guardian"
  • Betty Ting Pei as "Hai Tiens wife"
  • Alan Chui Chung-San as "Thug 3"
  • Shih Kien as "Crime Lord"
  • George Lazenby as "Hai Tiens master"
  • Bolo Yeung as "Black Belt Karate Leader - Ground Floor"
  • Corey Yuen as "Thug 4"
  • Uncast Child Actor as "Hai Tiens brother"
  • Han Ying-chieh as "Thug 1"
  • Carter Wong as "Mr. Wong"
  • Tony Liu as "Huang"
  • Wan Kam Leung as "Lee Guo Hao, the Fifth Fighter"
  • Robert Wall as "Mr. Wall, the American Fighter and Hai Tiens ally"


1.7. Original film Intended cast

  • Sammo Hung had been cast as the Third Fighter, but by the time Lee was ready to film with him, Hung had moved on to another project; Chieh Yuan took the part in his stead.
  • Robert Baker, student of Lees, was considered for the role eventually given to Robert Wall.
  • Wong Shun Leung was originally approached to play the role of the Wing Chun-oriented 2nd Floor Guardian, but he declined, and was replaced by Taky Kimura.

2. Game of Death 1978

Game of Death is a 1978 Hong Kong action film co-written under the pseudonym Jan Spears along with Raymond Chow and directed by Robert Clouse. The film stars Bruce Lee, Kim Tai-jong, Yuen Biao, Gig Young, Dean Jagger, Colleen Camp, Robert Wall, Hugh OBrian, Dan Inosanto, Mel Novak, Sammo Hung, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Ji Han-jae and Casanova Wong.


2.1. Game of Death 1978 Plot

The 1978 version uses portions of the original footage married to an entirely new plot involving a new character, Billy Lo 盧比利, struggling against a racketeering "syndicate" after gaining international success as a martial arts movie star. When Billy refuses to be intimidated by syndicate henchman Steiner Hugh OBrian and his gangs of thugs, syndicate owner Dr. Land Dean Jagger orders his assassination to serve as an example to others.

Disguised as a stuntman, Lands assassin, Stick Mel Novak, sneaks onto the set of Billys new film, and shoots Billy during filming. A fragment of the bullet passes through Billys face, leaving him alive but in need of plastic surgery which alters his facial features. Billy takes the opportunity to fake his death and disguise himself, exacting revenge against those who wronged him one at a time. When the syndicate threatens and kidnaps his fiancee, Ann Morris Colleen Camp, Billy is forced to come out of hiding to save her. In the revised film, Bruce Lees fight scenes inside the pagoda are assumed to take place in the upper floors of the Red Pepper restaurant, where Dr. Land and his thugs have laid an ambush. In the end Billy survives the ambush, rescues Ann, and destroys each of the main mobsters one-by-one.


2.2. Game of Death 1978 Production

The revised version of the film uses only 11 minutes and 7 seconds of the footage from the original The Game of Death, and for the vast majority of the film, the role of Billy Lo was shared by Yuen Biao and taekwondo master Kim Tai-jong and was voiced by Chris Kent. The plot of the film allowed Kim and Yuen to spend much of the film in disguises, usually involving false beards and large, dark sunglasses that obscured the fact that they bore little resemblance to Lee. Many scenes, including fight scenes, also included brief close-up bits of stock footage of the real Bruce Lee from his pre- Enter the Dragon films, often only lasting a second or two. These clips are easily recognisable due to the difference in film quality between the old and new footage. At one point in the movie, real footage of Lees corpse in his open-topped casket is used to show the character Billy Lo faking his death. There is even a scene, taken place in Billys dressing room, where a cut-out of Lees face was taped to a mirror, covering the stand-ins own face.

Several actors associated with previous Lee movies were included in the re-shoot for the final 1978 film. For example, Robert Wall, a villain in both Way of the Dragon and Enter the Dragon, plays a kickboxer named Carl Miller who must battle with Billy Lo. Sammo Hung, who appeared in Enter the Dragon, served as the fight coordinator for the re-shoot of Game of Death, and also appears in the scene as a ring opponent for Miller. To maintain continuity with the fight footage taken from the original film, Dan Inosanto renamed Pasqual and Ji Han-jae whose character was unnamed and was not shown until near the end of the film were given small parts as additional enforcers for the syndicate. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar refused to participate in the re-shoot, with another tall African-American stand-in renamed Hakim included instead. Although Chuck Norris is credited as starring in the film, his role is limited to clips from Way of the Dragon inserted into the film.

The film quality of the Clouse-directed footage was noticeably higher than that of Lees earlier Hong Kong films, and John Barry provided an original soundtrack. The film also featured performances by experienced actors as well as up-and-coming stars, including two recipients of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor Dean Jagger and Gig Young and several who have been honoured with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, including Bruce Lee, Dean Jagger, Chuck Norris, Hugh OBrian, and Gig Young in his final film.

For Chinese-speaking audiences, the film was dubbed into Cantonese and Mandarin, and had significant changes, such as the inclusion of a fight in a greenhouse with Casanova Wong and a different opening and closing credits sequence, featuring a new theme song, plus a couple of minor scenes. Unlike the English version, they use Lees actual battle sounds. Several scenes were removed, also, including the fight in the opera house dressing room.

In the original Hong Kong version, the fight with Ji Han-jae is included during the middle of the film though, whilst the ending did not show Billy Lo being arrested. Instead, both he and Ann share their good-byes to Jim as they appear to depart Hong Kong on a boat. The Singaporean version ended with Billys arrest, and it did not feature the Ji Han-jae fight. This is the version commonly found in Chinese.

The Mandarin dubbed version of the film featured a different theme song to that of the Cantonese version. The theme song sounded familiar to the main theme of Way of the Dragon. This version also included the scene where Billy and Ann share their good-byes to Jim. The Cantonese dubbed version shows the commonly found scene where Billy is arrested by the police.


2.3. Game of Death 1978 Theme song

"Game of Death" 死亡遊戲
  • Performance: Roman Tam
  • Composition and Arrangement: Joseph Koo
  • Lyrics: James Wong

The American score was composed by John Barry.


2.4. Game of Death 1978 Release

Game of Death was released in Hong Kong on 23 March 1978. In the United States, the film was released by Columbia Pictures on 9 June 1979. The film was released in the Philippines by Asia Films on 15 December 1988.


2.5. Game of Death 1978 Box office

The film was successful at the Hong Kong box office, grossing HK$3.436.169 US$734.224. In the United States, the film grossed US$10 million at the box office.

In Japan, the film grossed ¥1.45 billion US$13.13 million at the box office. In France, it was the 14th highest-grossing film of 1978, with 2.256.892 admissions. At an average ticket price of 12.22 F, it grossed approximately 27.58 million F US$6.12 million in France. In Germany, it was the 26th highest-grossing film of 1978, with 575.000 admissions. At an average ticket price of US$2.34, the film grossed approximately US$1.35 million in Germany. Combined, the film grossed a total worldwide revenue of approximately US$31.13 million, equivalent to US$122 million adjusted for inflation in 2017.


2.6. Game of Death 1978 Reception

The film received a mixed-to-positive critical reception. Criticism of the revised version included the inclusion of scenes that could be considered in bad taste, such as the incorporation of footage of Lees actual funeral. Another scene, often pointed out by critics of the film, involved a shot of Kim looking at himself in the mirror, with an obvious cardboard cut-out of Lees face pasted onto the mirrors surface.

Bey Logan points out a few logic issues with the 1978 film. In order for the henchmen to remain low key, they should be wearing more casual clothes instead of the multicolored tracksuits seen at various parts of the film. But as a rationale, this explains why Lee wears the yellow tracksuit. Also in the fight between Lee and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, the scene near the vase in Logans opinion appears to look choppy along with the short fight with Hugh OBrian. In the first half of the English version, during the fight sequences Lee is seen to be beaten down instead of making short work of the henchmen.

Game of Death could be considered more accessible western audiences than Lees previous films. Compared to the other Bruce Lee films like The Big Boss, Fist of Fury and Way of the Dragon, Game of Death has more western characters and the story structure is more straightforward and less culturally specific to Asia.

As of 2019, the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports the film as holding a high approval rating based on its reviews.


3. Other Game of Death films

After the death of Bruce Lee, several studios exploited the situation by making their own versions of Game of Death based on what they had learned of the story from production stills and magazine articles. Some of these films pre-dated Robert Clouses official Game of Death 1978.

  • Goodbye Bruce Lee: His Last Game of Death 1975
  • Game of Death II Tower of Death 1981
  • The True Game of Death 1979
  • Enter the Game of Death 1978
Clouses film had a sequel in 1981 kung fu action mystery film, Game of Death II, which used cut footage from Lees Enter the Dragon film to have him make an appearance in the beginning of the film, only to be killed off midway, allowing his on-screen brother to take on the role of protagonist. Aside from the English dub giving the "Bruce Lee" character the name Billy Lo, this movie would seem to have no connection with Clouses film, and it was directed by Ng See-yuen.
  • Wong Jings film City Hunter also has a similar premise. Jackie Chan as Ryu Saeba takes on two tall black men and the film uses clips of Lees fight scene against Kareem Abdul-Jabbar to get the better of the two.

4. Yellow-and-black tracksuit

The yellow-and-black one-piece tracksuit which Lee wore in the film has come to be seen as something of a trademark for the actor, and is paid homage to in numerous other media. In the Clouse-directed remake, the filmmakers rationalised its presence by including a scene where Billy Lo disguises himself as one of Dr. Lands motorcycle-riding thugs, who all wear striped jumpsuits.

In the warehouse scene, Billy Lo wears a pair of yellow Adidas shoes with black stripes and white shelltoes. Towards the end of the film, Billy wears a pair of yellow Onitsuka Tiger shoes, with black stripes. This was because the real Bruce Lee wore the latter when he was filming, and the double wore the former in the 1978 version to resemble his shoes.


4.1. Yellow-and-black tracksuit In film

  • In Revenge of the Nerds, Brian Tochis character, Toshiro Takashi, wears the yellow jumpsuit while riding a tricycle during the inter-Greek competitions.
  • In the 2011 British comedy film On the Ropes, writer and director Mark Noyce added a scene in homage to his idol Bruce Lee which featured Mick Western played by Ben Shockley wearing a yellow tracksuit.
  • In Finishing the Game, Breeze Loo, played by Roger Fan, wears a yellow and black striped jumpsuit.
  • The 1985 film The Last Dragon, produced by Motown founder Berry Gordy, centred around a Bruce Lee fan, Taimak, in search of reaching martial arts enlightenment who instructed his students wearing the same tracksuit.
  • In Police Story 4: First Strike, Jackie Chan wears a similar suit that he gets from a wardrobe of an hotel room, claiming that he is a dry cleaner to the owner, with the same colors and the left and right black line.
  • Uma Thurman wears a similar suit in Kill Bill: Volume 1 when she travels to Japan to take on an underworld boss and assassin played by Lucy Liu. In homage to both the film and the remake, Thurman wears a two-piece suit and the Onitsuka Tiger sneakers as part of her motorcycle-riding gear, and keeps the suit on during her battle with Liu and her gang, the Crazy 88.
  • In the Jet Li film High Risk, Jacky Cheung plays an action film star who is losing his fighting ability due to his cowardice and drunkenness. When he regains his courage at the end of the film, he wears a copy of the yellow tracksuit. The role is generally felt to be a parody of Jackie Chan, but the references to Bruce Lee are also obvious.
  • In Shaolin Soccer, a similar suit is worn by the goalie "Empty Hand" Danny Chan Kwok-kwan, who resembles Lee.
  • In the Wong Jing live-action City Hunter film, Jackie Chan uses the scene with Lee fighting Abdul-Jabbar as a reference to dispatch his own taller opponents.

4.2. Yellow-and-black tracksuit In gaming

  • In WWE SmackDown vs. Raw 2008, the tracksuit is available in the "Create a WWE Superstar" mode.
  • Although the suit does not appear in any Street Fighter games, Fei Long wears it in several issues of the UDON Street Fighter comic book and in Masahiko Nakahiras Cammy manga.
  • In the video game Shadow Hearts Wuguis signature move is called "Game of Death"
  • In EA Sports UFC and EA Sports UFC 2 the unlockable Bruce Lee character wears yellow and black compression shorts modeled after the yellow track suit.
  • A similar tracksuit can be found and worn in the Capcom game Dead Rising 2.
  • In My Talking Tom at level 30, Tom can unlock the "Jumpsuit Fur".
  • In the video game Shadow Hearts: From the New World, talking cat and drunken master Mao confronts the master of cat martial arts, the tracksuit-clad "Bruce Meow".
  • In The Last of Us, one of Ellies unlockable costumes is the yellow jumpsuit.
  • In the Playmore fighting game Rage of the Dragons, Mr. Jones who already bears a striking resemblance to Kareem Abdul Jabbar wears a suit very similar to the famous yellow jump suit.
  • In Dead or Alive 4, Jann Lees third costume is none other than the tracksuit, and his ending movie includes him watching Bruce Lee films to help him practice Jeet Kune Do.
  • The suit is present in the MMORPG Anarchy Online as a piece of equipment for powerful martial artist characters.
  • In Persona 4, the character Chie Satonakas Persona is dressed in the same yellow jumpsuit, and fights with a combination of spears and Jeet Kun Do.
  • The yellow-and-black tracksuit can be bought in Mortal Kombat: Armageddon for use in the Kreate-A-Fighter mode.
  • In Sleeping Dogs, Wei Shen can wear the "Hai Tien Vintage Jumpsuit".
  • In most servers of the Dragonica online game, the gladiator class can summon a Bruce Lee-styled character named Bro Lee who wears the jumpsuit to perform some Kung Fu moves. The players can also buy the suit from the cash shop to equip on their characters.
  • In Rumble Fighter, Billys jumpsuit is available in yellow, blue and green under the name "Billy Lo". Jeet Kune Do is also available as a fighting style.
  • In Castlevania: Dawn of Sorrow, one equippable item is the "kung fu suit", whose icon is a yellow tracksuit with black vertical stripes along the sides.
  • In Animal Crossing: New Leaf, there are several pieces of clothing that resemble this iconic outfit. They are referred to as the "Dragon Suit".
  • In the online game Dragon Fist 3: Age of the Warrior, one of the characters from martial arts films is Billy Lo with Lee being animated out from this film, dressed in the yellow-and-black jumpsuit, fighting with Jeet Kune Do, using a yellow nunchaku which is not found in the Character Editor as a weapon, and the one inch punch as a special move.
  • In the video game Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories, the main character can wear an identical outfit called the "Dragon Jumpsuit".
  • The 1984 arcade video game Kung-Fu Master was inspired by Game of Death. The player protagonist fights bosses at the end of each level before climbing the stairs to the next, more difficult stage in a "Devils Temple" with five floors.
  • In Street Fighter IV, the character Rufus wears a yellow and black tracksuit. The suit matches his personality of having a great love for martial arts movies, leading to his style being adopted from imitating martial arts movies and mail order courses.
  • Marshall Law and Forest Law, from the Tekken series of fighting games, resemble Bruce Lee with their move set, whoops and yells and wear a sleeveless version of the tracksuit.

4.3. Yellow-and-black tracksuit In music

  • Canadian hard rock duo Indian Handcrafts song "Bruce Lee" uses the film as lyrical inspiration, while the music video features the two band members performing an over-the-top fight scene, with guitarist Daniel Brandon Allen wearing the signature yellow jumpsuit.
  • In the Iggy Azaleas song Black Widow featuring Rita Ora music video that is based on Kill Bill, Azelea wears a white & black tracksuit and Ora wears a black & red tracksuit. Both suits resemble Uma Thurmans version of the tracksuit.
  • The band, Sugar Ray, in their video for the single "When Its Over", included a segment in which one of its band members Rodney Sheppard, Guitarist fantasizes about having a kung fu battle similar to the fight scene between Lee and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. The band member wears Lees tracksuit, his opponent wears a beard, clothes, and sunglasses similar to Abdul-Jabbars, and the video duplicates the scene in which a seated Kareem kicks Lee in the chest, knocking him down and leaving a huge footprint on his chest.
  • In the video for Black Label Societys 2009 song "Overlord", frontman Zakk Wylde wears the iconic tracksuit, and the video pays humorous homage to the film.
  • American band, Far East Movements song, "Satisfaction" featured the yellow jumpsuits in its video, as the song was the soundtrack to the 2007 mockumentary Finishing the Game.
  • Topper Headon of The Clash was known to wear a similar jumpsuit at live shows; he is seen wearing in it the 1980 film Rude Boy.
  • Avant-garde guitarist Buckethead released a cover of "Game of Death" in 2006. He also wore a yellow tracksuit while playing live and performed with nunchakus on stage.
  • A short promotional video for the virtual band, Gorillaz, showed the fictional animated guitarist, Noodle, taking on a pack of thugs while dressed in the tracksuit and imitating Lees fighting style. Noodle also wore the suit in the Game of Death short clip from Phase One: Celebrity Take Down.

4.4. Yellow-and-black tracksuit In manga, anime, and other cartoons

  • Episode 100 of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon depicts Master Splinters former owner, Hamato Yoshi, wearing the yellow tracksuit.
  • In episode 8 of Akibas Trip: The Animation, the character Arisa Ahokainen wore a yellow tracksuit during her training days with her master.
  • In the anime/manga Tenjho Tenge, there is a short appearance of a character named "Inosato Dan" who is the leader of the "Jun Fan Gung Fu club" Jun Fan is Bruce Lees Chinese name. He resembles Bruce Lee very much, and wears the jumpsuit. However, in the anime the colors of the jumpsuit are switched to a black suit with yellow stripes.
  • In "Karate Island", a fourth-season episode of SpongeBob SquarePants which is itself a take-off of Game of Death, Sandy Cheeks wears a yellow tracksuit similar to Bruces.
  • In episode 18 of the anime, Gin Tama, Kagura wears a suit similar to Bruces suit in this movie.
  • In The Boondocks episode "Lets Nab Oprah", Oprahs bodyguard Bushido Brown is seen as a reference to Jim Kellys character, Williams in Enter the Dragon. Brown also tells main character Huey Freeman "You come straight out of a comic book", a reference to Enter the Dragon. However, he wears a Karate gi version of the yellow and black tracksuit in the episode "Stinkmeaner 3: The Hateocracy".
  • Another reference is found in Great Teacher Onizuka, where the main character, Onizuka Eikichi, wears the same suits when performing feats of strength like breaking a baseball bat with a kick in front of his class.
  • The character, Mandy, from The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy wore a yellow jumpsuit in the episode "Modern Primitives / Giant Billy and Mandy All-Out Attack". The episode also had parodies from Akira Mandy drives a bike similar to Kanedas in the series, the "Godzilla" franchise there are several giant monsters that parody monsters from the franchise including the name of the episode, and Kill Bill a check off list plus a red screened close-up mimicking the bride.
  • In episode 23 of Kuromukuro, the character Shenmei Liu wore a yellow tracksuit and does a flying kick similar to Bruce Lees when her friends were filming a movie.
  • A Gorillabite from the band Gorillaz is titled Game of Death. In the bite, Noodle, the guitarist, dons the yellow tracksuit to take on Russel.
  • In episode 18 of Xiaolin Showdown The character of Kimiko Tohomiko is seen wearing yellow track pants with a black stripe. The rest of her outfit is yellow with long black gloves.
  • A game sprite resembling an Asian man can be seen wearing Bruce Lees yellow suit during the first and third seasons of ReBoot.
  • The character Sasshi, from the anime Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi, also gets a uniform called the Game of Death suit, later imitating Lee in both appearance and mannerisms.
  • In episode 20 of Hayate the Combat Butler, Hayate asks Maria if she knows "the art of assassination". She denies it, but Hayate does not believe her and Nagi imagines what Maria would look like wearing a yellow jumpsuit and holding nunchucks.
  • In the Urusei Yatsura episode titled "The Mendo Familys Masquerade War", Ataru was wearing a yellow tracksuit with black stripes while trying to court Mendous sister who is sporting nunchakus. Both Atarus yellow tracksuit and the Mendou sisters nunchakus are a homage to Bruce Lee.
  • Duel No. 25 of the Yu-Gi-Oh! manga features some references to Bruce Lee. Yugis fighting-game character of choice is a Bruce Lee clone called Bruce Ryu. His opponent, the villain of the chapter, wears the yellow jumpsuit and calls his fight with Jonouchi a "Game of Death". The subsequent "Death-T" arc then follows a similar structure to the movie with Yugi fighting his way up to the top stage where he has a one on one bout with Seto Kaiba.
  • When cosplaying the character Hong Kong from the anime series Hetalia Axis Powers, fans love to portray him wearing the yellow tracksuit.
  • In episode 11 of HeartCatch PreCure!, the guest characters for the episode, brothers Masato Sakai and Yoshito Sakai, both wear the yellow tracksuit. Masato Sakai styles himself as a Kung Fu master and his brother his pupil.
  • In "Tofu-Town Showdown", an episode of the second season of the TV show Chowder, the character Schnitzel wore a yellow tracksuit and a similar Bruce Lees haircut, then he turns into a Super Saiyan, making a parody of Dragon Ball.
  • The character Mr. Tanaka from Sonic X wears the suit in an episode.
  • In Jackie Chan Adventures episode "The Chosen One" a man is dress in a yellow jumpsuit and using nunchucks.
  • The second episode of the anime series Cowboy Bebop, "Stray Dog Strut", further plays homage with the episodes main antagonist being named Abdul Hakim after Kareem Abdul-Jabbars character and bearing a strikingly similar appearance.
  • In episode 10 of Seton Academy: Join the Pack!, one of the impala species wore a yellow tracksuit.
  • The cover for the third volume of the American DVD release of the anime, PaniPoni Dash!, features the main character Rebecca Miyamoto wearing a track suit similar to Bruce Lees. The subtitle for the DVD, "Class of Death", also pays homage to Game of Death.

5. Home media

As one of Bruce Lees perennially popular handful of films to receive wide exposure to western audiences, Game of Death has seen many reissues on every home video format. It is particularly widespread on DVD and Blu-ray and in 2016 was released on the latter in a new 4K restoration, scanned from the original negative.

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